Louise Mushikiwabo

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Louise Mushikiwabo (wavutse ku ya 22 Gicurasi 1961) ni umunyamabanga wa kane akaba n'umunyamabanga mukuru w’umuryango mpuzamahanga de la Francophonie . Yabanje kuba Minisitiri w’ububanyi n’amahanga n’ubutwererane mu Rwanda kuva 2009 kugeza 2018. Yabaye kandi Umuvugizi wa Guverinoma. Yabanje kuba Minisitiri w'itangazamakuru.

Louise Mushikiwabo

Ku ya 12 Ukwakira 2018, yatorewe manda y'imyaka ine ku mwanya w’umunyamabanga mukuru w’umuryango mpuzamahanga wabavuga ururimi rw'igifaransa (OIF) mu nama ya Francophonie yabereye i Yerevan, muri Arumeniya .

MSC 2014 Ischinger-Mushikiwabo Zwez MSC2014

Ubuzima bwo hambere[edit | edit source]

Louise Mushikiwabo yavutse ku ya 22 Gicurasi 1961 i Kigali, umurwa mukuru w'u Rwanda. Se yari Bitsindinkumi, Bitsindinkumi yakoraga ubuhinzi, Nyina yari Nyiratulira, mubyara wa Alexis Kagame umufilozofe mu by'amateka. [6] Yabayeho mu bwana bwe i Kigali. Umuhererezi mu bana icyenda, barumuna be barimo Lando Ndasingwa, wabaye umucuruzi akaba n'umunyapolitiki uzwi cyane mu Rwanda mbere yo kwicwa mu 1994 mu gihe cya jenoside yakore Abatutsi mu mwaka wa 1994 , na Anne-Marie Kantengwa, wigaruriye hoteri ya Lando (Chez Lando) nyuma y'urupfu rwe kandi akora mu Nteko ishinga amategeko y'u Rwanda kuva 2003 kugeza 2008.

Mushikiwabo Louise

Nyuma yo kurangiza amashuri abanza n'ayisumbuye i Kigali, Mushikiwabo yagiye kwiga muri kaminuza nkuru y'u Rwanda (ubu ni kaminuza y'u Rwanda ), mu mujyi wa Huye mu majyepfo, mu 1981. Yarangije kaminuza mu 1984, afite impamyabumenyi ihanitse mu cyongereza, hanyuma akora muri make nk'umwarimu w'amashuri yisumbuye. Mu 1986, yavuye mu Rwanda yerekeza muri Amerika, naho yatangiye kwiga impamyabumenyi ihanitse mu ndimi no gusobanura muri kaminuza ya Delaware, naho igifaransa kikaba ururimi rwe rwihariye. Amaze kurangiza amasomo ye mu 1988, yagumye muri Amerika, atura mu gace ka Washington, DC . Yatangiye umwuga akora mu mashyirahamwe aharanira inyungu, mbere yo gufata umwanya muri Banki Nyafurika itsura amajyambere (ADB); mu rwego rwo kugira uruhare muri ADB yabaye muri Tuniziya igihe gito, amaherezo aba umuyobozi ushinzwe itumanaho muri banki.

Mu 2006, Mushikiwabo yanditse igitabo, "Rwanda bivuga Universe", yafatanije na Jack Kramer, umunyamakuru Amerika na KALIMANZIRA Marine . Igitabo kirimo igice cyandika ku buzima, gisobanura amateka y’umuryango wa Mushikiwabo, ubuzima bwe bwa mbere mu Rwanda, ndetse n’ubunararibonye bwe amaze kwimukira muri Amerika. Irasobanura kandi itsembabwoko ryo mu Rwanda mu buryo burambuye, uhereye ku mateka ndetse no ku bitekerezo bya Mushiwabo uba i Washington, kuko yakiriye amakuru avuga ko benshi mu bagize umuryango we bishwe.

Umwuga wa politiki[edit | edit source]

Muri Werurwe 2008, Mushikiwabo yatumiwe na Perezida w'u Rwanda Paul Kagame gusubira mu gihugu cye cy'u Rwanda no gufata umwanya muri guverinoma ye. Yahawe umwanya wa Minisitiri w’itangazamakuru, asimbuye Laurent Nkusi . Mu ntangiriro za manda ye, Mushikiwabo yari ashinzwe gufata icyemezo cyo gufata ingamba zo kurwanya amashyirahamwe menshi y’itangazamakuru ryaho yari afite inkuru zisebanya kuri Kagame. Ikinyamakuru kimwe, Kinyarwanda -ururimi rwa buri munsi Umuco, cyari cyasohoye inkuru igereranya perezida na Adolf Hitler, kandi Inama Nkuru y'Itangazamakuru (HCP) yasabye guverinoma guhagarika uruhushya rw’iki kinyamakuru. Nkusi yari yaranze iki cyifuzo, kandi mu gihe Mushikiwabo atigeze ahagarika ku mugaragaro impapuro, nyamara yahagaritse gucapa mu Kwakira 2008. Muri rusange Mushikiwabo yashishikarije bagenzi be gushyigikira ubwisanzure bw'itangazamakuru, ariko kandi ashimangira ko itangazamakuru ryubahiriza amategeko akomeye y'u Rwanda yerekeye guhakana Jenoside mu Rwanda . Mu mwaka wa 2009, yatanze itegeko ry’agateganyo kuri radiyo ya Kinyarwanda yatangajwe na British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC), kubera ko yavugaga ko ryerekanaga ibiganiro "biha uburenganzira bwa jenoside n’abahakana jenoside"; BBC yahakanye iki kirego, ivuga ko na guverinoma bifite ibisobanuro bitandukanye kuri jenoside.

Usibye kuba ashinzwe gufata ibyemezo bya minisiteri, Mushikiwabo yanasohoje inshingano z'umuvugizi wa guverinoma mu gihe yari Minisitiri w'itangazamakuru. Urugero, igihe u Rwanda rwagiranye ibibazo na dipolomasi n'Ubudage nyuma y’ifatwa ry'umuyobozi mukuru wa protocole ya Perezida Paul Kagame, Rose Kabuye, Mushikiwabo yaganiriye n'ibitangazamakuru mpuzamahanga kugira ngo asobanure neza uko leta y'u Rwanda ihagaze. Yakoresheje ubuhanga bwe bw'indimi, abasha gutanga ibisobanuro mu ndimi zose zemewe z'u Rwanda, Kinyarwanda, Igifaransa n'Icyongereza.

Ibindi bikorwa[edit | edit source]

  • Inama y’umutekano ya Munich, umwe mu bagize Inama Ngishwanama [1]
  • Ba Nyampinga Mpuzamahanga (IGC), Umunyamuryango [2]

Reba kandi[edit | edit source]

  • Urutonde rwa ba minisitiri w’ububanyi n’amahanga muri 2017
  • Urutonde rwa ba minisitiri w’ububanyi n’amahanga bariho ubu
  • Inama y'Abaminisitiri mu Rwanda

Reba[edit | edit source]

Imirimo yatanzwe[edit | edit source]

  • Mushikiwabo, Louise; Kramer, Jack (2007). Rwanda Means the Universe: A Native's Memoir of Blood and Bloodlines. St. Martin's Press. ISBN 9781429907316.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)

Ihuza ryo hanze[edit | edit source]