Itsembabwoko ry’u Rwanda ry’1994

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Itsembabwoko ry'u Rwanda ry'1994 cyangwe Itsembabwoko ry’1994, Jenoside y’Abatutsi muri Mata 1994, Itsembabwoko ry’Abatutsi, jenoside mu Rwanda[1], Jenoside yakorewe Abatutsi mu Rwanda mu 1994 , Jenoside y’Abatutsi yo mu 1994 ryari kwica kw'Abatutsi na kw'Abahutu bakomye Abatutsi kuva itariki ya 06 Mata 1994 kugeza Nyakanga 1994. Kw'itariki ya 06 Mata 1994 ni mugoroba, indege ya Perezida Habyarimana Yuvenari yamanukishijwe, ariko ntituzi abicanyi bari bande. Vuba, ingabo nyinshi zatangiye kwica Abatutsi. Minisitiri w'Intebe, Uwiringiyimana Agati yicwa n'ingabo kandi ingabo cumi Zibirigi yicwa. Munsi wose, abandi Batutsi bicwa. Benshi bicwa mu nsengero na mu mashuri na mu mavuriro. Abatutsi biswe 'inyenzi'. Mirisiya imwe yari Interahamwe, kandi indi yari Impuzamugambi. Nyamara, abantu benshi ntibari mu mirisiya bica inshuti n'abaturanyi bye. Kw'itariki ya 04 Nyakanga 1994, Inkotanyi bageze i Kigali. Abantu gahumbagiza bicwa.

Uyu munsi, Kagame Pawuro,muyobozi w'Inkotanyi, ari Perezida y'u Rwanda. Abicanyi n'abere byinshi byasubiye ku Rwanda mu myaka y'1997 na y'1998. None, hari amahoro mu Rwanda.

Ijambo genocide rimaze imyaka 62. Ryahimbwe mu 1994 na Raphael Lemkin, Umuyahudi w’Umunya pologne w’inzobere mu by’amategeko wari warimukiye muri Amerika. Yari arimo agerageza kwerekana igerageza ry’abanazi bo mu Budage ryari rimariye ku icumu abayahudi n’abanyarumaniya i burayi. Icyi gisobanuro rero cyemejwe neza imyaka ine nyuma n’Umuryango w’abibumbye muri “Convention yo gukumira no guhana icyaha cya genocide yo mu w’1948” ikaba yariswe convention ya Genocide. [2]

Amafilimi ya sinema[edit | edit source]

Ibitabo[edit | edit source]

  • AFRICAN RIGHTS, Rwanda: Death, Despair and Defiance (Revised Edition), London: African Rights, 1995. (mu Cyongereza)
  • AFRICAN RIGHTS, Rwanda: Not So Innocent – When Women Become Killers, London: African Rights, 1995. (mu Cyongereza)
  • AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL, Rwanda: Government Supporters and Regular Troops Have Committed Massacres all over the Country, London: Amnesty International, May, 1994. (mu Cyongereza)
  • ANYIDOHO, Henry Kwami, Guns Over Kigali – The Rwandese Civil War – 1994: A Personal Account, Kampala: Fountain Publishers, 1998. (mu Cyongereza)
  • BERRY, John A. and Carol Pott Berry (eds.), Genocide in Rwanda: A Collective Memory, Washington, D.C.: Howard University Press, 1999. (mu Cyongereza)
  • DESTEXHE, A., Rwanda and Genocide in the Twentieth Century, London and New Haven, Connecticut: Pluto Press, 1995. (mu Cyongereza)
  • GATWA, Tharcisse, The Churches and Ethnic Ideology in the Rwandan Crises 1900 – 1994, Milton Keynes, UK: Regnum Books International and Paternoster, 2005. (mu Cyongereza)
  • GOUREVITCH, Philip, We Wish to Inform you that Tomorrow we Will be Killed With Our Families: Stories from Rwanda, London: Picador, 1999. (mu Cyongereza)
  • GUILLEBAUD, Meg, Rwanda: The Land God Forgot? – Revival, Genocide & Hope, Mill Hills; London and Grand Rapids, Michigan: Monarch Books, 2002. (mu Cyongereza)
  • HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH, Rwanda/Zaire: Rearming with Impunity – International Support for Perpetrators of Rwandese Genocide, New York, Human Rights Watch, May, 1995. (mu Cyongereza)
  • HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH, The Aftermath of Genocide in Rwanda: Absence of Prosecution, Continued Killings, New York: Human Rights Watch, September, 1994. (mu Cyongereza)
  • HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH/AFRICA, Genocide in Rwanda (Volume 6 No. 4), New York: Human Rights Watch, April/May, 1994. (mu Cyongereza)
  • INTERNATIONAL PANEL OF EMINENT PERSONALITIES and ORGANISATION OF AFRICAN UNITY, Rwanda: The Preventable Genocide, Addis Ababa: Organisation of African Unity, 2000. (mu Cyongereza)
  • JENNINGS, Christian, Across the Red River: Rwanda, Burundi and the Heart of Darkness, London: Phoenix, 2000. (mu Cyongereza)
  • KEENE, F., Season of Blood: A Rwandan Journey, London: Viking, 1995. (mu Cyongereza)
  • MAMDANI, Mahmood, When Victims Become Killers: Colonialism, Nativism, and the Genocide in Rwanda, Kampala and Dar es Salaam: Fountain Publishers Ltd., and E & D Limited, 2001. (mu Cyongereza)
  • PRUNIER, Gerard, The Rwanda Crisis: History of Genocide, Kampala: Fountain Publishers Ltd., 2001. (mu Cyongereza)
  • RUDASINGWA, Theogene, Rwanda: Background to Genocide, Oxford and London: Rwandese Patriotic Front (RPF), 1994. (mu Cyongereza)
  • SELLSTOM, T. and L. Wohlgemuth, The International Response to Conflict and Genocide: Lessons from the Rwanda Experience, Uppsala: Nordic Africa Institute, 1997. (mu Cyongereza)
  • SEMUJANGA, Josias, Origins of Rwanda Genocide, New York: Humanity Books, 2003. (mu Cyongereza)


Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. Ishami Rishinzwe Uburere Mboneragihugu, Ukwakire, 2006
  2. Ugushakisha Ukuri n’Ubumuntu, Kituo Cha Katiba, Nyakanga, 2004 – Gashyantare, 2006

Imiyoboro[edit | edit source]