Paul Kagame

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Paul Kagame (2018)
Paul Kagame with Obamas
Paul Kagame
Perezida wa 3 w'u Rwanda
Igihe cyo gukora Kuva muri Werurwe 24 , 2000
Ababanjirije Pasteur Bizimungu
Uzasimbura
Minisitiri w’intebe Louise Musihikabo
Amakuru yihariye
Amazina
Ivuka Nk'uko Ukwakira 23 nk'uko 1957 (imyaka 63) Ruhango (Gitarama Ntara, Ruanda-Urundi)
Urupfu
Imva
Ubwenegihugu Rwanda
Ururimi kavukire Kinyarwanda
Iyobokamana Kiliziya Gatolika
Ishyaka rya politiki Imbere yo gukunda igihugu
Umuryango
Uwo mwashakanye Jeannette Kagame
Abahungu Ivan Kagame

Ange Kagame
Ian Kagame
Brian Kagame

Uburezi
Yize muri Kaminuza ya Makerere
Amakuru yumwuga
Umwuga umunyapolitiki
Imyaka irakora 1990-2000
Ishami rya gisirikare Ingabo z’ingabo z’u Rwanda
Urutonde Jenerali Majoro
Amakimbirane * Umudari wa Kagera (Uganda)
  • Iteka rya Repubulika ya Seribiya
  • Iteka ry'abapayiniya bo muri Liberiya (2009)
  • Umusaraba Mukuru w'itegeko ry'igihugu cya Bénin (2010)
Urubuga paulkagame.com
Itandukaniro hindura amakuru kuri Wikidata

Paul Kagame ni Perezida wa 5 wa Repubulika y'u Rwanda kuva 2000. Paul Kagame yavukiye ku wa 23 Ukwakira 1957 m'umujyi wa Ruhango mu ntara y’Amajyepfo, mu cyahoze ari Komine Tambwe ,yari imwe mu zari zigize Perefegitura ya Gitarama.

Paul Kagame ari kumwe na George W.Bush

Kagame ndetse n'umuryango we baje guhungira mugihugu cy'uBugande ,Mu gihe ivanguramoko ryibasiraga abo mu bwoko bw’ umuryango wa Paul Kagame uri mu miryango yatotejwe maze abasaga ibihumbi 100 bakava mu byabo bagahungira mu bihugu by’abaturanyi. Mu mwaka w’1959,[1][2].

Kagame yavukiye mu muryango w'abatutsi mu majyepfo y'u Rwanda. Igihe yari afite imyaka ibiri, Impinduramatwara yo mu Rwanda yarangije ibinyejana byinshi byiganjemo abatutsi; umuryango we wahungiye muri Uganda , aho yamaze ubuzima bwe bwose. Mu myaka ya za 1980, Kagame yarwanye mu ngabo z’inyeshyamba za Yoweri Museveni , aba umusirikare mukuru wa Uganda nyuma yuko intsinzi ya gisirikare ya Museveni imujyanye kuri perezidansi ya Uganda . Kagame yinjiye mu Rwanda Patriotic Front (FPR), rwateye u Rwanda mu 1990; umuyobozi Fred Rwigyema yapfuye hakiri kare mu ntambara maze Kagame yigarurira. Kugeza mu 1993, FPR yagenzuye agace gakomeye mu Rwanda no guhagarika imirwanobyaganiriweho. Mu iyicwa rya Perezida Juvénal Habyarimana yari ingingo guhera Jenoside, aho abahutu b'intagondwa bishe bagera 500.000 miliyoni imwe Abatutsi n'Abahutu batari intagondwa. Kagame yongeye intambara y'abenegihugu, arangiza itsembabwoko itsinze igisirikare.

Muri visi-perezida, Kagame yagenzuraga ingabo z’igihugu kandi akomeza kubahiriza amategeko, mu gihe abandi bayobozi batangiye kubaka igihugu. Abasirikare benshi ba FPR bakoze ubwicanyi bwo guhana; ntivugwaho rumwe niba Kagame yarateguye ibi, cyangwa nta bushobozi yari afite bwo kubihagarika. Inkambi z'impunzi z'Abahutu zashinzwe muri Zayire no mu bindi bihugu, zagenzurwaga na jenoside(abitabiriye jenoside) bakangisha umutekano u Rwanda. FPR yibasiye inkambi mu buryo butarobanuye mu 1996, ihatira impunzi nyinshi gutaha, ariko inyeshyamba zikomeza gutera u Rwanda. Igitero cyagabwe ku nkambi z'impunzi cyahitanye abantu bagera ku 200.000. Raporo y’umuryango w’abibumbye yerekana ko ibyo bitero bishobora kuba bihwanye na jenoside, bikaba bishobora gutuma Paul Kagame aba umunyabyaha w’intambara. Mu rwego rwo gutera, Kagame yateye inkunga intambara ebyiri z’inyeshyamba zitavugwaho rumwe muri Zayire. Inyeshyamba zishyigikiwe n'u Rwanda na Uganda zatsinze intambara ya mbere (1996–97), zishyiraho Laurent-Désiré Kabila kuba perezida mu cyimbo cy'umunyagitugu Mobutu maze ahindura igihugu nka Repubulika Iharanira Demokarasi ya Kongo (DRC). muintambara ya kabiri yatangiye mu 1998 kurwanya Kabila, nyuma umuhungu we Joseph , nyuma y’uko guverinoma ya DRC yirukanye ingabo z’u Rwanda na Uganda mu gihugu. Intambara yaje kwiyongera mu ntambara yo ku mugabane wa Afurika yakomeje kugeza amasezerano y'amahoro yo mu 2003 no guhagarika intambara.

Nka perezida, Kagame yashyize imbere iterambere ry’igihugu, atangiza gahunda yo guteza imbere u Rwanda nkigihugu cyinjiza amafaranga hagati muri 2020. Kuva mu 2013, iki gihugu kiratera imbere cyane ku bipimo ngenderwaho, birimo ubuvuzi n’uburezi; kwiyongera kwumwaka hagati ya 2004 na 2010 wagereranije 8% kumwaka. Kagame yagiranye umubano mwiza n’umuryango w’iburasirazuba bwa Afurikana Amerika; umubano we n'Ubufaransa wari mubi kugeza mu 2009. Umubano na DRC ukomeje kuba mubi nubwo intambara yo mu 2003 yahagaritswe; imiryango iharanira uburenganzira bwa muntu na raporo y’umuryango w’abibumbye yashyizwe ahagaragara ivuga ko u Rwanda rushyigikiye inyeshyamba ebyiri muri iki gihugu, Kagame arabihakana. Ibihugu byinshi byahagaritse kwishyura inkunga muri 2012 nyuma yibi birego. Kagame arazwi cyane mu Rwanda hamwe na bamwe mu babikurikiranira hafi; imiryango iharanira uburenganzira bwa muntu imushinja gukandamiza politiki. Yatsinze amatora mu 2003, hashingiwe ku itegeko nshinga rishya ryemejwe muri uwo mwaka, atorerwa manda ya kabiri mu 2010.

Reba[edit | edit source]

  1. http://ukwezi.rw/mu-rwanda/3/Menya-byimbitse-amateka-y-ubuzima-bwa-Perezida-Kagame-wizihiza-isabukuru-y-imyaka-61
  2. https://igihe.com/umuco/amateka/article/imyaka-20-irashize-paul-kagame-atorewe-kuyobora-u-rwanda