Akarere ka Nyabihu

Kubijyanye na Wikipedia
ikarita y'akarere ka Nyabihu

Nyabihu ni akarere ( akarere ) gaherereye mu Ntara y'Iburengerazuba, mu Rwanda . Umurwa mukuru wako ni Mukamira. Akarere ka Nyabihu kagabanijwemo imirenge 12 ( imirenge ) ] : Bigogwe, Jenda, Jomba, Kabatwa, Karago, Kintobo, Mukamira, Muringa, Rambura, Rugera, Rurembo na Shyira. Iyi mirenge ubwayo yatandukanijwe mu tugari 73 n'imidugudu 474 nayo yitwa “imidugudu"[1]

Rwanda


  • Ubuso :  531.5 Km2
  • Umubare wabaturage : 314195 (hashingiwe ku ibarura rusange rya 2012)
  • Ubucucike bw'abaturage :556 /Km2[2]

Ibyo abantu bazi cyane ku karere : Ahantu nyaburanga, imisozi, ibiyaga, amashuri menshi, ibiranga amateka,. [3]

Ubumenyi bw'isi[eindura | hindura inkomoko]

Akarere gahana imbibi mu majyepfo n'Akarere ka Ngororero , mu burengerazuba n'akarere ka Rubavu, mu burasirazuba n' Akarere ka Gakenke no mu majyaruguru n' Akarere ka Musanze na Repubulika Iharanira Demokarasi ya Kongo. Nubwo imvura nyinshi igwa, ako gace rwose kibasiwe no kubura amasoko y'amazi bitewe n'umuyoboro mubi wa idorogarafiya. Umuva w'amazi aturuka myiyindi migezi . Ahantu hahanamye cyane hejuru harasobanura ko ari itorenti. Impande z'ibirunga zihanamye zifite impuzandengo irenga 60 %, hejuru ya metero 2 200. Iyo imvura iguye, amazi yirukanwa kumpande kumuvuduko mwinshi werekeza kuri pidmont, akurura ibintu byose muburyo bwayo: inyamaswa, abagabo, ibibari bya lava, nibindi. Amazi ava mumigezi myinshi yiruka ahamanuka atera ibyangiritse byinshi (umwuzure, umucanga no gufata banki). Imibiri y'amazi ngo ni menshi kandi amazi ni menshi, ariko iyo mibiri igera kuri ubujyakuzimu bwa metero 100. Turakeka ko biherereye mubihe bishaje byo munsi yo munsi bitwikiriwe n'amazi y'ibirunga.

Imihanda[eindura | hindura inkomoko]

Igitoki ku igare mu Rwanda-Umuhanda

Mu Akarere ka Nyabihu imihanda iratandukanye, hari imibi, hari n'imyiza. Imihanda igera kuri 66.0% iracyari mibi cyane, 25.3% ni mibi na 8.2% ni bagendwa. 0.5% gusa byimihanda imeze neza. Imyinshi muriyi mihanda igomba kuvugururwa mugihe izindi zisaba kubungabungwa. Gahunda y’iterambere ry’akarere ka 2013 yerekana ko Akarere ka Nyabihu gafite kilometro 290 z’imihanda muri yo 88% ni imihanda y'igitaka naho 12% ni kaburimbo. Akarere gafite imihanda itatu ya kaburimbo ariyo Kigali - Rubavu, Mukamira - Muhanga - Huye - Burundi cyangwa Huye- Rusizi, Mukamira - Ngororero - Muhanga - Karongi. Ifite kandi umuhanda ugaburira ibiryo uhora umeze nabi kubera imisozi miremire n'imvura nyinshi. Nyamara, mu mirenge imwe n'imwe, abantu bagenda iminota irenga 30 kugirango bagere kumuhanda wegereye. Imihanda itari myiza no kubura imihanda ihuza ahakorerwa isoko hamwe nicyegeranyo ni ikibazo gihangayikishije. Mugihe cyimvura, imwe muriyi mihanda iba idashoboka, mugihe mugihe cyizuba, hari umukungugu mwinshi ugira ingaruka ku bwiza bw'amata . Byongeye kandi, ibiciro bihabwa abahinzi n'aborozi n'abacuruzi bo hagati ntabwo ari bike bityo bikagabanya amafaranga yabo.

Demogarafiya[eindura | hindura inkomoko]

Mu mwaka wa 2012, Ibarura rusange ry’abaturage n’imiturire, ryagaragaje ko abaturage b’Akarere ka Nyabihu babarirwa ku baturage 295.580 bafite ubwiyongere bw’abaturage 1%, akaba ari yo hasi cyane mu gihugu. Nubwo bimeze bityo ariko, Akarere ka Nyabihu gafite ubucucike buri hejuru bugera ku baturage 558 kuri kilometero kare ukurikije isoko imwe. Ku bijyanye n'uburumbuke bwose, Akarere ka Nyabihu gafite impuzandengo ya 4.9 iri hejuru ugereranije n'ikigereranyo cy'igihugu ari 4.6. Impuzandengo yimyaka mu gukora ubukwe bwa mbere ni imyaka 21.5 ku bakobwa bafite imyaka 23 kubahungu. 62.5% by'ingo zifite abana munsi yimyaka 7 naho ingo 53.2% ziyobowe nabagore . Iki kibazo kirimo ishoramari rikomeye murwego rwuburezi na gahunda zihariye zo gutera inkunga abagore.

Ubuhinzi[eindura | hindura inkomoko]

Muri kano karere, ubukungu bushingiye cyane ku buhinzi , aho usanga ingo nyinshi ari aborozi bato . Abagera kuri 74%, ni ukuvuga abantu 105.672 mu baturage 143 000 b’akarere, bakura amafaranga yabo mu gukoresha ubutaka . Ariko, harabura ubutaka kuko; ukurikije EICV3, 50% by'abaturage bafite ubuso buri munsi ya 0.3ha. Uku kubura ubutaka gusunika abahinzi gukora impuzandengo yamasaha 5 kumunsi aho gukora byibuze amasaha 8. Ibi birerekana ko hari ubushomeri mubantu bakora mubukungu cyane cyane mu rubyiruko . Ibiribwa bikomoka ku buhinzi, ibihingwa nganda n’imitako bihingwa cyane. Ku biryo, hari ibirayi bya Irilande, ibigori, ibishyimbo, ingano n'ibitoki n'imboga . Ibirayi, ibigori n'ibishyimbo byo muri Irilande bihingwa na 76,6% by'ingo ugereranije ni ingo 51.000. Ibirayi byo muri Irilande bihingwa cyane hamwe na 83.7% bikurikirwa n'ibigori (74.3%) n'ibishyimbo (71.9%). Umusaruro w'ibigori uhagarariye 47.3% by'umusaruro w'ubuhinzi mu karere urwanya ingano 8.9%.

Kuhira

Mu gihe cy'ubushyuhe, hakenewe kuhira.Ubukungu bw'akarere ntibagakwiye kwishingikiriza ku buhinzi gusa, ariko kandi ku zindi serivisi. Mu myaka yashize, Guverinoma y'u Rwanda yashyize mu bikorwa gahunda nyinshi zo kongera umusaruro w'urwego rw'ubuhinzi . Impamvu iri inyuma yibi bikorwa igaragarira mu cyerekezo cya Minisiteri y’ubuhinzi : Ibikorwa by’iterambere ry’ubukungu by’ibanze (LED) bishingiye ku guteza imbere ubuhinzi:

Ibirayi

- Ibirayi byo muri Irilande bituruka muri Kabatwa, Jenda, Mukamira, Bigogwe, Rambura (selile 3), Karago (selile 4), Mulinga (selile 2), na Kintobo (selile 3)

Ibigori

- Ibigori muri Rugera, Shyira, Mulinga, Jomba, Rurembo, Bigogwe, Mukamira, Karago, Kintobo, Rambura na Jenda

- Imboga: karoti muri Jenda, Mukamira, Bigogwe na Karago: amasu muri Jenda, Mukamira, Bigogwe na Rugera

- Imbuto: ibinyomoro i Rambura, Mulinga, Bigigwe, Kabatwa, Karago, Jenda na Kintobo

- Ikawa: RugeraShyira, Jomba na Rurembo

- Pacuuli: muri Rugera na Shyira

- Imineke:muri Rugera na Shyira

- Icyayi: muri Mukamira, Karago, Mulinga, Rambura, Jomba na Jenda.

- Ingano: Jmoba, Mulinga, Rurembo, Kintobo naKarago.

- Piteramu: Kabatwa, Jenda, Bigogwe na Mukamira.

Akarere gafite imbaraga nyinshi mu buhinzi, cyane cyane mu guhinga ibirayi, ibigori n'ingano kimwe n'imboga z'ubwoko bwose. Nyamara, nta gihingwa gitunganya ibyo bihingwa. Akarere karashaka kubona ishami ritunganya ibirayi kimwe n’ibigo bikusanya Ubuki n’amata. Silosi yo guhunika ibihingwa nayo irakenewe mukurinda ibiribwa no guhagarara neza . Imbonerahamwe iri hasi ya hano ni iy'ibihingwa bimwe nkibigori, ibirayi bya Irilande, ibishyimbo bisanzwe, igitoki, kuzamuka ibishyimbo bigaragara ko bifite akamaro kanini mu Akarere ka Nyabihu ku bijyanye n’umugabane w’ibihingwa byahinzwe mu gihembwe cya 2013.[4]

Iterambere[eindura | hindura inkomoko]

Amashanyarazi aboneka kandi yizewe mumirenge ya Shyira yatejwe imbere nogushiraho urugomero rw'amashanyarazi rwa Rubagabaga 445kW. Uyu mushinga wegukanye ibihembo nyafurika by’ingufu, Ingufu n’amazi muri 2019 ku mushinga wa mbere w’ingufu ntoya urambye (munsi ya 5MW). [5]

Reba[eindura | hindura inkomoko]

  • Inzego.doc - Intara, Uturere nUmurenge amakuru ya MINALOC, minisiteri yu Rwanda yubutegetsi bwibanze.
  1. https://www.nyabihu.gov.rw/
  2. http://www.statistics.gov.rw/publication/eicv-3-nyabihu-district-profile
  3. http://lwh-rssp.minagri.gov.rw/index.php?id=76
  4. https://www.kigalitoday.com/Nyabihu
  5. "Archive copy". Archived from the original on 2021-12-27. Retrieved 2022-05-22.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

Imiyoboro[eindura | hindura inkomoko]

Ibere rya bigogwe