Urugomero rw'Umugezi w'Akanyaru

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Urugomero rw'Umugezi w'Akanyaru , ni urugomero rwambuka uruzi rwa Akanyaru, ku mupaka mpuzamahanga uhuza u Rwanda n'Uburundi . Urugomero ruzakora ikigega gifite ubushobozi bwa 333,000,000 cubic metres (1.1759784018 . Biteganijwe ko ayo mazi azatanga amazi yo kunywa ku bantu bagera ku 614.200 mu bihugu byombi. Biteganijwe kandi ko iki kigega kizatanga amazi yo kuhira kuri 12,474 hectares (30,820 acres) bw’ubuhinzi mu Burundi no mu Rwanda, bikagirira akamaro abahinzi 24.948. Urugomero ruzatanga kandi amashanyarazi akomoka ku mazi y'Akanyaru , afite ingufu za 14.5 MW (19.400) hp) . [1]

Aho biherereye[eindura | hindura inkomoko]

Sitasiyo y’amashanyarazi iri ku ruzi rwa Akanyaru, ku mupaka w’u Rwanda n’Uburundi, mu karere ka Gisagara muri iki gihe mu Ntara y’Amajyepfo, u Rwanda ndetse no muri Komine ya Ntega mu Ntara ya Kirundo, mu Burundi. [2]

Urugomero rugera kuri 160 kilometres (99 mi), kumuhanda, mu majyepfo yuburengerazuba bwa Kigali, umurwa mukuru wu Rwanda. [3] Ubu ni 150 kilometres (93 mi), kumuhanda, mumajyaruguru ya Gitega, umujyi wu Burundi. [4]

Amateka[eindura | hindura inkomoko]

Mu mwaka wa 2012, ibihugu byombi byo muri Afurika y'Iburasirazuba hamwe na gahunda y'ibikorwa byo mu biyaga bya Nil Equatorial (NELSAP), byagaragaje umushinga wo guteza imbere umutungo w'amazi y'Akanyaru . Muri uwo mwaka, NELSAP yakoze ubushakashatsi bwibanze. [2]

Muri 2015, Inama y'Abaminisitiri ya Nili yemeje umushinga wa Akanyaru. Intumwa zaturutse mu Rwanda no mu Burundi zapimye aho umushinga uzaba muri Gicurasi 2016. Muri Werurwe 2018, NELSAP yateguye icyifuzo cyuzuye cyo guterwa inkunga na Banki nyafurika itsura amajyambere (AfDB). Muri 2020, hatanzwe amasoko yo gusuzuma ingaruka z’ibidukikije n’imibereho myiza y’abaturage (ESIA), gahunda y’ibikorwa byo kwimura abantu (RAP), ubushakashatsi bwuzuye bushoboka, gutegura ibisobanuro birambuye no gutegura inyandiko zipiganwa kumushinga. Biteganijwe ko ubushakashatsi bwumushinga buzarangira muri Werurwe 2022.

Inkunga[eindura | hindura inkomoko]

Muri Gashyantare 2021, ikiguzi cy'umushinga cyabazwe miliyoni 190 US $. Gusaba inguzanyo byakorewe AfDB, hamwe na NEPAD IInfrastructure Project Preparation Facility (NEPAD-IPPF).

Ibindi bitekerezo[eindura | hindura inkomoko]

Icyifuzo cya 14.5 megawatts (19,400 hp) cy'Amashanyarazi ya Akanyaru, biteganijwe ko azatanga amashanyarazi kumazu 141.111 mubihugu byombi, akorera abantu bagera kuri 846.000. Uyu mushinga urimo kandi gusana amasoko yangiritse hejuru yurugomero rwa Akanyaru.

references[eindura | hindura inkomoko]

  1. https://www.afrik21.africa/en/rwanda-burundi-the-two-countries-will-mobilize-190-million-for-the-akanyaru-dam/
  2. 2.0 2.1 https://nelsap.nilebasin.org/index.php/en/media-items/factsheets/34-akanyaru-multipurpose-water-resources-project-brief-march-2020/file
  3. https://www.google.com/maps/dir/Kibayi,+Rwanda/Kigali,+Rwanda/@-2.3366136,29.6191781,10z/data=!3m1!4b1!4m14!4m13!1m5!1m1!1s0x19c39e9338cf1275:0xf634ad5f3a5e1493!2m2!1d29.8612703!2d-2.7327804!1m5!1m1!1s0x19dca4258ed8e797:0xf32b36a5411d0bc8!2m2!1d30.0618851!2d-1.9440727!3e0
  4. https://www.google.com/maps/dir/Ntega,+Burundi/Gitega,+Burundi/@-2.9649414,29.6748238,8.75z/data=!4m14!4m13!1m5!1m1!1s0x19c37a2645228687:0x1bd3130956547e07!2m2!1d29.9997203!2d-2.6148713!1m5!1m1!1s0x19c14452ea1ca4e7:0x42aade0278ba3d8e!2m2!1d29.9246016!2d-3.4272755!3e0