Bikira Mariya w'Ikibeho

From Wikipedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Bikira Mariya w'IKibeho ni izina ryahawe amabonekerwa ya Mariya yerekeye ingimbi nyinshi, mu myaka ya za 1980 i Kibeho, mu majyepfo y'uburengerazuba bw'u Rwanda . Niyo mabonekerwa yonyine yemewe Vatikani kumugabane wa Afrika . [1]

Biboneka ko amabonekerwa yamenyesheje ubutumwa butandukanye abanyeshuri, harimwo iyerekwa rya apocarite w'U Rwanda rumanuka mu ihohoterwa n'inzangano, bikaba bishoboka ko byahanuye itsembabwoko ryo mu Rwanda ryo mu 1994. [2]

Ikarita ya karere ka nyaruguru aho Kibeho iherereye.

Mu 2001, umwepiskopi waho wa Kiliziya Gatolika yemeye ku mugaragaro iyerekwa ry’abanyeshuri batatu b’ishuri ko ari ukuri. [1]

Amabonekerwa[edit | edit source]

Monument of our lady Kabgayi
Monument of our lady Kabgayi

Kibeho ni umudugudu muto uherereye mu majyepfo y'uburengerazuba bw'u Rwanda. Ibonekerwa ryavuzwe ko ryatangiye ku ya 28 Ugushyingo 1981, muri iki gihe amakimbirane yariyongereye hagati y’imitwe y’abatutsi n’abahutu . Byabereye mu ishuri rya Kibeho, mu ishuri ryisumbuye ry’abakobwa, kandi harimo umwijima mu Rwanda rwinjira mu ihohoterwa n’inzangano benshi bemeza ko byahanuye jenoside yo mu Rwanda mu 1994.

Ishusho ya Yezu Nyirimpuhwe Kibeho

Mu myaka ya za 1980, Bikira Mariya nibwo yabonekeye abakobwa batatu bakiri bato, yiyita Nyina wa Jambo , bikaba byari bihwanye na Umubaye W' »(“ Nyina w'Imana "). Ababonye ibi batangaje ko Mariya yasabye abantu bose gusenga kugirango birinde intambara iteye ubwoba. Mu iyerekwa ryo ku ya 19 Kanama 1982, bose bavuze ko babonye urugomo, imirambo yatemaguwe, ndetse no kurimbuka. [3]

Urutonde rurerure cyane rwerekanwe na Alphonsine Mumureke, wari wabonye iyerekwa rya mbere nyuma gato yo kwinjira mu ishuri ryisumbuye rya Kibeho mu Kwakira 1981 nyuma y’amashuri abanza, naho irya nyuma ku ya 28 Ugushyingo 1989. Anathalie Mukamazimpaka niwe wakurikiyeho kugira iyerekwa, ryatangiye kuva muri Mutarama 1982 kugeza ku ya 3 Ukuboza 1983. Aba bashimangiye amasengesho adashira n’impongano, Mariya ndetse yategetse Mukamazimpaka gukora penetensiya binyuze mu gupfa umubiri. Marie Claire Mukangango, wabanje gutoteza Mumureke ku ishuri kubera iyerekwa, we ubwe yagize ibonekerwa ryabaye kuva ku ya 2 Werurwe kugeza ku ya 15 Nzeri 1982. Mariya yabwiye Mukangango ko abantu bagomba gusenga ishapure y'ububabare burindwi kugirango babone kwihana. [4]

Mu ruzinduko rwe mu Rwanda mu 1990, Papa Yohani Pawulo wa II yashishikarije abizerwa guhindukirira mariya nk "umuyobozi woroheje kandi wizewe” no gusengera ko hashyirwaho ingamba zikomeye zo kurwanya amacakubiri y’ibanze, yaba aya politiki cyangwa amoko. [3]

Isano na Jenoside[edit | edit source]

Mu minsi 100 yakurikiye iyicwa ry’umunyagitugu Perezida w’u Rwanda Juvénal Habyarimana, ku ya 8 Mata 1994, Abanyarwanda 800.000 kugeza kuri miliyoni bishwe n’abenegihugu babo, ndetse rimwe na rimwe, n'abaturanyi babo baturanye. Itsembabwoko ryabaye indunduro yo gukaza umurego hagati y'amoko yombi - Abahutu n'Abatutsi - n'intambara y'abenegihugu yari yarayibanjirije. [5] Kibeho ubwayo niho habereye ubwicanyi bubiri: ubwa mbere ku rusengero rwa paruwasi muri Mata 1994, naho ubwa kabiri nyuma y'umwaka aho impunzi zirenga 5.000 zari zarahungiyeyo zarashwe n'abasirikare. [6] Marie Claire Mukangango n'umugabo we bari mu bishwe mu bwicanyi bwo muri Mata 1995. [3]

Aberekwa bemewe[edit | edit source]

Gusa iyerekwa ry'ababonye Mariya batatu ba mbere (Alphonsine Mumureke, Nathalie Mukamazimpaka, na Marie Clare Mukangango, ufite imyaka 17, 20, na 21), byemejwe na Augustin Misago, Umwepiskopi wa Gikongoro . [7]

Aberekwa batemewe[edit | edit source]

Abandi bavugaga ko bafite iyerekwa nk'iryo ni Stephanie Mukamurenzi, Agnes Kamagaju, Vestine Salima, na Emmanuel Segatashya, uwanyuma muri bo mbere yari umupagani maze aba umuvugabutumwa wa gikristo mu barokore . Segatashya yeretswe mu iyerekwa harimo guhura na Kristo bimuha umunezero.

Gusobanura[edit | edit source]

Iri yerekwa rishobora gufatwa nk'ikimenyetso cyerekana itsembabwoko ryo mu Rwanda, cyane cyane ubwicanyi bwa kabiri bwa Kibeho mu 1995. Ishuri ryabereyemo iyerekwa ryabaye ahantu hiciwe abantu benshi mu gihe cya Jenoside kuko abana benshi barashwe bakanicwa n’iterabwoba ry’Abahutu . Aberekwa bari bahunze urugomo cyangwa bari mu bahitanwe na Jenoside mu Rwanda.

Kwemeza[edit | edit source]

Umwepiskopi wa Gikongoro, Augustin Misago, yemeje ubwitange rusange bufitanye isano n’ibonekerwa ku ya 15 Kanama 1988 ( Umuhango wo gufata icyemezo cya Mariya ) maze atangaza ko ari ukuri ku ya 29 Kamena 2001. Yashinjwaga mu 1999 kuba yaragize uruhare muri Jenoside mu Rwanda, maze agirwa umwere ku ya 24 Kamena y'umwaka ukurikira.

Umunsi mukuru wa Bikira Mariya wa Kibeho ni 28 Ugushyingo, isabukuru yo kugaragara kwa mbere mu iyerekwa rya Alphonsine Mumureke mu 1981.

Ingoro ya Bikira Mariya[edit | edit source]

Ingoro ya Bikiramariya Kibeho

Ingoro ya Marian i Kibeho yiswe "Ingoro ya Bikira Mariya w'akababaro " mu 1992. Ibuye rya mbere ryashyizweho ku ya 28 Ugushyingo 1992. Mu masezerano yo mu 2003 hagati y’abasanzwe baho n’umuryango wa Apostolate Gatolika (Pallotine), umuyobozi w’urusengero rwa Bikira Mariya wa Kibeho yahawe inshingano za ba Padiri ba Pallotine. Umuyobozi mukuru ashyirwaho na musenyeri waho hamwe numuyobozi wa Pallottine.

Umuco[edit | edit source]

Umwanditsi w'amakinamico w'umunyamerika Katori Hall yakinnye ibintu byabereye mu kibonekerwa rya Bikira Mariya wa Kibeho, byakorewe i New York mu 2014. [8]

Reba kandi[edit | edit source]

  • Amateka ya Kibeho[9]
  • Bikira Mariya nyina wa Jambo[10]
  • Ubwicanyi bwa Kibeho[11]

Reba[edit | edit source]

Ihuza ryo hanze[edit | edit source]