Ihuriro ry’igihugu riharanira demokarasi n’iterambere

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Ihuriro ry'igihugu riharanira demokarasi n'iterambere

Ihuriro ry’igihugu riharanira demokarasi n’iterambere (Igifaransa: Mouvement républicain national pour la démocratie et le développement , MRND ) ryari ishyaka rya politiki ryategekaga u Rwanda kuva 1975 kugeza 1994 ku butegetsi bwa Perezida Juvénal Habyarimana. Yiganjemo Abahutu , cyane cyane bo mu karere kavukire ka Perezida Habyarimana mu majyaruguru y'u Rwanda. Iri shyaka ryashinzwe mu 1975 nk’umuryango w’igihugu uharanira impinduramatwara mu iterambere ( Mouvement Révolutionaire National pour le Développement ). Itsinda ry’indashyikirwa ry’abayoboke b’ishyaka rya MRND bari bazwiho kugira uruhare kuri Perezida n’umugore we - ndetse n’inshingano zo gutegura igenamigambiJenoside yo mu Rwanda - izwi nka akazu .

Perezida Juvénal Habyarimana washinze ishyaka rya Politiki
Ihuriro ry’igihugu riharanira demokarasi n'iterambere

Mouvement républicain national pour la démocratie et le dévelopement

Perezida Juvénal Habyarimana
Uwashinze Juvénal Habyarimana
Yashinzwe 1974
Kumeneka 1994
Byatsinzwe na Ingabo zo Kurengera Demokarasi

(ntabwo ari umusimbura mu by'amategeko)

Icyicaro gikuru Kigali , Rwanda
Ikinyamakuru KanguraHutu Radiyo (Radio)
Ibaba ry'urubyiruko Interahamwe
Ingengabitekerezo Ultranationalism

Abahutu Imbaraga Zabaturage

Umwanya wa politiki Iburyo-iburyo
Kwishyira hamwe Nta na kimwe
Amabara  Umukara
  • Politiki yo mu Rwanda
  • Amashyaka ya politiki
  • Amatora

Kuva mu 1975 kugeza 1991, MRND ni ryo shyaka ryonyine ryemewe n'amategeko mu gihugu. Habyarimana yavuzwe ko ashyira mu gaciro  nubwo bivugwa ko ishyaka ryakoresheje uburyo bwo kwamamaza iburyo  , ryateje imbere gahunda ya politiki y’aba conservateur  kandi ryarwanyaga abakomunisiti .Ishyaka ryari rifite inzego z’inzego zahuzaga inzego za guverinoma kuri buri rwego, kugeza ku murenge no mu kagari. Habyarimana yari perezida w’ishyaka, kandi nkuwo ni we mukandida wenyine wabaye perezida wa repubulika. Icyakora, mu bwumvikane buke kuri demokarasi, abatora bashyikirijwe abakandida babiri ba MRND mu matora y’Inteko ishinga amategeko. Izina ry’ishyaka ryahinduwe nyuma y’amashyaka ya politiki atavuga rumwe n’ubutegetsi yemerewe n'amategeko mu 1991.

Nyuma y’igitero cya FPR mu 1990, abanyamuryango ba MRND bakoze ikinyamakuru Kangura . Ibaba ry’urubyiruko rw’ishyaka, interahamwe , nyuma yaje gukura mu mutwe w’abasirikare wagize uruhare runini muri jenoside yo mu 1994. Nyuma y'urupfu rwa Habyarimana muri Mata 1994, abayoboke b'ishyaka bari mu bubatsi bakuru ba Itsembabwoko ry’u Rwanda ry’1994. U Rwanda rumaze kwigarurirwa na mukeba w’abatutsi wiganjemo abatutsi b’abanyarwanda bayobowe na Paul Kagame, MRND yirukanwe ku butegetsi kandi biremewe.

Ihuriro ry’ingabo zishinzwe kurengera Repubulika , ryagize uruhare runini muri jenoside yo mu Rwanda, ryari umutwe utoroshye wa MRND wabaye ishyaka ryihariye.