León Mugesera

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Léon Mugesera (wavutse 1952)  ni umugabo wo mu Ruanda kandi yahoze atuye i Québec , muri Kanada . Yirukanywe muri Kanada kubera ijambo rirwanya kurwanya abatutsi abamunenga bavuga ko ari intangiriro ya jenoside yo mu Rwanda mu 1994.[1]

Léon Mugesera
Yavutse 1952 (imyaka 68–69), Gisenyi
Ishyaka rya politiki MRND
Uwo mwashakanye Gemma Uwamariya
Kwemeza Wanga Imvugo yo kurwanya abatutsi mu 1992
Gufungirwa kuri Gereza mpuzamahanga

Igihe mu Ruanda[edit | edit source]

Abahutu bo mu bwoko , Mugesera yabaye umwe mu bagize ishyaka ryiganje ry'Abahutu MRND , ryari rifitanye isano rya bugufi n'igisirikare. Yabaye Umuyobozi wungirije wa MRND muri perefegitura ya Gisenyi .

Mu Ijambo ryatanzwe ku ya 22 Ugushyingo 1992 mu Ruanda, bivugwa ko Mugesera yabwiye abayoboke b'ishyaka 1000 ATI "TWE abaturage tugomba kwishyiriraho inshingano kandi tugahanagura ubu buriganya" kandi ko bagomba kwica abatutsi kandi "bakajugunya imirambo Yabo mu ruzi rwa U Ruanda."  Aya magambo ntabwo aboneka mu busobanuro bw'iryo jambo, nk'uko bigaragara mu nyandiko yemewe imbere ya Minisitiri w'ubwenegihugu n'abinjira n'abinjira muri Kanada ku ya 8 Kanama 2003.

Ntutinye, menya ko umuntu wese udatemye ijosi ariwe uzaguca ijosi. - 

Nyuma y'iri jambo, Minisitiri w'ubutabera w'u Rwanda, Stanislas Mbonampeka , yatanze icyemezo cyo kumuta muri yombi azira gukurura urwango. Yahunze n'umuryango we abanza kujya mu ngabo z'u Rwanda hanyuma ahungira mu mujyi waQuebec muri Québec , muri Kanada . Nyuma yaho gato, Mbonampeka yeguye ku kuba minisitiri w'ubutabera mu rwego rwo kwamagana.

Canadá[edit | edit source]

Muri Kanada, Mugesera n'umuryango we bahageze ari impunzi, ariko bahita bahabwa status yaresidente permanente. Mugesera yabonye akazi ko kuba umwarimu kuriUniversité Laval.

Inyandiko y'ibirego by'intambara[edit | edit source]

Philip Gourevitch, umwanditsi wa Deseamos informarle que mañana nosbazica hamwe n'imiryango yacu , bavuga ko ijambo Mugesera yavuze mu 1992 ryahaye imbaraga zikenewe hysteria yo kurwanya abatutsi yateje jenoside, agira ati: "[Mugesera] ni umwe mu ba mbere bagiye mu ijambo rikomeye mu ruhame bakavuga bati: 'Reba, amakosa yacu mu bihe byashize hamwe n'abatutsi bake ni ukubemerera kubaho, kubemerera kubaho. Tugomba kubikuraho.'  Nta bisobanuro byatanzwe mu busobanuro bw’iryo jambo, kuko bwatanzwe mu nyandiko yemewe na Minisitiri w’ubwenegihugu n’abinjira n’abinjira muri Kanada ku ya 8 Kanama 2003.

Gahunda yo koherezwa[edit | edit source]

Mu 1995, abanyamategeko ba leta ya Kanada batangiye kumva koherezwa Mugesera. Inkiko ebyiri z'abinjira n'abasohoka zategetse ko yirukanwa, ariko,Urukiko rw'Ubujurire rwaKanada rwatesheje agaciro imyanzuro. Ubutabera Robert Décary, yandikira Urukiko, yavuze ko nta kimenyetso gihuza ijambo ryo mu 1992 na jenoside yabaye nyuma y'imyaka ibiri. Mu manza zose Mugesera yari ahagarariwe n'umunyamategeko wa QuébecGuy Bertrand .

Ku ya 1 Kanama 2001, Mugesera yasohoye itangazo, asaba ko hashyirwaho urubanza hashingiwe ku itegeko rishya rya Kanada rirwanya ikiremwamuntu n'icyaha cy'intambara.

Icyemezo cy'Urukiko rw'Ubujurire nyuma cyahinduwe una decisiónya 8-0 yaCorte Suprema de Canadáku ya 28 Kamena 2005, rwemeje icyemezo cyo kohereza mbere. Kwirukanwa byatinze kubera impungenge z’uko hashobora gukoreshwa igihano cy’urupfu mu Rwanda,  u Rwanda rwakuyeho igihano cy’urupfu mu 2007.  Mugesera yahise atangira kurwanya iyimurwa rye atinya ko yakorerwa iyicarubozo mu Rwanda.  Kubera ko Kanada yanga kohereza umuntu ushobora kwicwa urubozo, Kigali yahaye Kanada "ibyiringiro by’ububanyi n’amahanga" ku bijyanye n’ubuvuzi bwa Mugesera.

Ku ya 23 Mutarama 2012, umucamanza w’urukiko rwisumbuye rwa Québec yanze icyifuzo cya Léon Mugesera cyo kwirinda koherezwa. Mugesera yirukanywe ku kibuga cy'indege mpuzamahanga cya Montreal uwo munsi saa yine z'ijoro.

Ku ya 15 Mata 2016, Mugesera yakatiwe igifungo cya burundu n'urukiko rwo mu Rwanda.

Reba[edit | edit source]

Ihuza ryo hanze[edit | edit source]

  • Inyandiko y'Icyongereza y'ijambo rya Léon Mugesera, ryatanzwe ku ya 22 Ugushyingo 1992

Reba kandi[edit | edit source]

  • Protais Zigiranyirazo
  1. https://www.lapresse.ca/international/afrique/2020-11-27/affaire-leon-mugesera/le-rwanda-condamne-pour-traitement-cruel-et-inhumain.php