Agnes Binagwaho

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Dr. Agnes Binagwaho

Dr. Agnes Binagwaho ni umuganga w’abana mu Rwanda, ubu akaba ari Umuyobozi wungirije

Dr.AgnesBinagwaho

wa University of Global Health and Equity(UGHE). Kuva mu 1996, yagiye yita ku mavuriro mu nzego za Leta ndetse anayobora imishinga myinshi, imicungire y’inzego z'ubuzima, ndetse yakoze ku myanya itandukanye muri Leta, yabaye umunyamabanga uhoraho wa Minisiteri y’ubuzima mu Rwanda kuva mu Kwakira 2008 kugeza Gicurasi 2011, na Minisitiri w’ubuzima kuva muri Gicurasi 2011 kugeza Nyakanga 2016. Muri Nzeri 2016, yagizwe Umwarimu mukuru ushinzwe gutanga ubuzima ku isi muri University of Global Health and Equity(UGHE) i Kigali, mu Rwanda, naho muri Mata 2017, agirwa umuyobozi wungirije wa UGHE akaba n’umuyobozi mukuru. Kuri ubu atuye i Kigali[1] .

Uburezi[edit | edit source]

Binagwaho yavukiye i Nyamagabe, Intara y'Amajyepfo, mu Rwanda. Igihe yari afite imyaka itatu, we n'umuryango we bagiye kuba mu Bubiligi aho se yarangirizaga impamyabumenyi ye y'ubuvuzi. Binagwaho yarangije impamyabumenyi ihanitse mubuvuzi mu buvuzi rusange muri Kaminuza yigenga y' i Buruseri, kuva 1976-1984 n'impamyabumenyi ihanitse mu bijyanye no kuvura abana (MA) muri Kaminuza y'Uburengerazuba bwa Bretagne kuva 1989–1993. Mu mwaka wa 2010, yahawe impamyabumenyi y'ikirenga y'icyubahiro (Hon. D.Sc.) muri Kolegi y' i Dartmouth muri Leta zunze ubumwe za Amerika. Mu 2014, yabaye umuntu wa mbere wahawe impamyabumenyi y'ikirenga ya filozofiya (PhD) yakuye mu Ishuri Rikuru ry'Ubucuruzi n'Ubukungu muri kaminuza y'u Rwanda . Impamyabumenyi ye y' ikirenga (PhD) yiswe "Uburenganzira bw'abana ku buzima mu rwego rw'icyorezo cya SIDA: Ikibazo cy'u Rwanda."

Ibikorwa by'ubu[edit | edit source]

Muri 2017, Porofeseri Binagwaho yagizwe Umuyobozi wungirije wa kaminuza y’uburinganire bw’ubuzima ku isi [2] (UGHE), igikorwa cy’abafatanyabikorwa Mubuzima.

Kuva mu mwaka wa 2008, Porofeseri Binagwaho yabaye Umwarimu Ukomeye mu ishami ry’ubuzima n’ubuvuzi rusange ku ishuri ry’ubuvuzi rya Harvard [3]. Ni n'umwarimu w’imyitozo yo gutanga ubuzima ku isi akaba na Porofeseri w’abana bato muri kaminuza y’ubuzima bw’ubuzima bw’isi mu Rwanda ndetse akaba n'umwarimu w’ubuvuzi wa Adjunct w’ubuvuzi bw’abana mu ishuri ry’ubuvuzi rya Geisel i Dartmouth [4]. Kugeza ubu, Porofeseri Binagwaho akora nk'ishami rishamikiye ku kigo cy’ubushakashatsi bwa Afurika [5] muri kaminuza ya Harvard.

Porofeseri Binagwaho akora ku buyobozi bw’ubuzima bwa AMP [6] maze muri 2019, yinjira mu nama y’abashinzwe umutekano ya Rockefeller [7] maze aba umwe mubagize inama ngishwanama nyobozi ya Wellcome Trust Global Monitor [8].

Kuva mu mwaka wa 2020, yabaye umwe mu bagize akanama ngishwanama ku bayobozi ba politiki b'abagore [9] Ubushakashatsi ku isi ku bijyanye no gukingira ndetse akaba n'umwe mu bagize inama y'ubuyobozi ya Consortium ya Kaminuza. kubuzima bwisi yose [10]. Mu 2021, yabaye umuyobozi wungirije w’inama y’abakomiseri muri komisiyo yigenga ishinzwe inzira zinyuranye ku byorezo by’ibyorezo, umutekano, icyorezo, umutekano n’iterambere rirambye [11] ( COMPASS).

Kuva mu mwaka wa 2010, Porofeseri Binagwaho yabaye umunyamuryango wa Global Task Force ku buryo bwagutse bwo kuvura no kurwanya kanseri mu bihugu biri mu nzira y'amajyambere [12]. Porofeseri Binagwaho ni umwe mu bagize komite y’ubumenyi ihuriweho n’ihuriro ry’udushya twiteguye kurwanya icyorezo / Minisiteri y’ubumenyi n’ikoranabuhanga mu Bushinwa [13].

Porofeseri Binagwaho ni umwe mu bagize itsinda ry’ingamba z’Afurika y’Uburayi ku Buzima [14] kandi arakora ku ihuriro ry'abagore bayobora muri Fondasiyo ya Afrika Europe. Ni umwe mu bagize itsinda ry’impuguke zigenga UNESCO ku Isi na gahunda ya 2030 [15].

Kuva mu 2021, akora nk'umunyamuryango witsinda ngishwanama rya Plateforme de l'observatoire Africain de la Santé sur les systèmes et les politiques (AHOP) [16], ndetse n’umunyamuryango w’itsinda ry’inzobere muri Afurika CDC (SAGE). Kuva mu 2021, akora nk'umunyamuryango w'itsinda rya Cochrane [17] akaba n'umunyamurango w'itsinda rya Science Innovation Platform yo mu Rwanda.

Akora nk'umuyobozi wungirije w'itsinda ry'impuguke muri gahunda ya Commonwealth ishinzwe umutekano wo mu muhanda [18]. Akora nk'umuyobozi wa komite nyobozi ya gahunda yubushakashatsi bugaragara. Kuva mu 2021, akora nk'umuyobozi wungirije mu nama mpuzamahanga y’ubuzima rusange muri Afurika.

Kuva mu 2021, Prof. Binagwaho akora nk'umunyamuryango w’itsinda ngishwanama ry’impuguke (NCD Gahunda-Gushiraho Impapuro) ku Ihuriro ry’indwara zitandura [19].

Akora kandi nk'umuyobozi wungirije w'inama ngishwanama ya siyansi & ingamba (SSAC) mu ihuriro mpuzamahanga ry’ubushakashatsi ku makuru ya Covid-19 [20] ndetse akaba n'umuyobozi wungirije wa Task Force yubuzima bwisi yose hamwe na Covid-19 kuri T20 [21]. Kuva mu 2021, ni umwe mu bagize komisiyo Nyafurika kuri COVID-19 y’umuryango w’ubumwe bw’Afurika.

Porofeseri Binagwaho ni umwe mu bagize akanama gashinzwe ubwanditsi bw'ikinyamakuru cy’ubuzima n’uburenganzira bwa muntu [22] hamwe nubukungu bwubuzima nubushakashatsi [23]. Akora kandi mu itsinda ryandika rya Annals yikinyamakuru cyisi yose [24] no mubuyobozi bukuru bwikinyamakuru mpuzamahanga cy’ubuzima n’ubuyobozi [25]. Kuva mu 2017, Porofeseri Binagwaho yabaye mu buyobozi bw'ikinyamakuru cy’ubushakashatsi ku buzima bwo muri Afurika y'Iburasirazuba [26] kandi akora nka a umwe mubagize akanama kayobora itangazo ryumuryango w’ubuzima ku isi [27].

Porofeseri Binagwaho ni mugenzi we mu Ishuri Rikuru ry’Ubumenyi rya Afurika [28], Ishuri Rikuru ry’Ubuvuzi muri Amerika [29] na ACADEMY YISI YISI YA SIYANSI (TWAS) [30] yo guteza imbere siyanse mubihugu bikiri mu nzira y'amajyambere.

Porofeseri Binagwaho akora kandi muri komite ishinzwe iterambere rya TWAS na Future Action (PDFA) 2021-2022.

Imyanya yahozeho[edit | edit source]

Muri Nzeri 2016, Binagwaho yagizwe Porofeseri w’ibikorwa byo gutanga ubuzima ku isi muri University of Global Health Equity (UGHE) i Kigali, mu Rwanda.

Binagwaho yabaye Minisitiri w’ubuzima mu Rwanda kuva muri Gicurasi 2011 kugeza Nyakanga 2016. Ku ya 12 Nyakanga 2016, nyuma y’imyaka 5 yitangiye umurimo, Perezida w’u Rwanda, Paul Kagame, yamukuye ku mirimo ye nka Minisitiri w’ubuzima. Mbere yibi, yabaye umunyamabanga uhoraho muri minisiteri y’ubuzima y’u Rwanda kuva mu Kwakira 2008 kugeza Gicurasi 2011 ndetse anaba umunyamabanga nshingwabikorwa wa komisiyo y’igihugu ishinzwe kurwanya SIDA mu Rwanda kuva 2002–2008.

Kuva mu 2013 kugeza 2015, yari umwe mu bagize Inama Ngishwanama Mpuzamahanga ya Lancet Global Health Journal. Kuva mu 2012 kugeza 2014, yabaye umwe mu bagize Komisiyo muri komisiyo ya Lancet ishinzwe ishoramari mu buzima, ayobowe na Dean Jamison na Larry Summers . Ibikorwa bya Komisiyo byavunaguriye muri raporo ya 2035 y’ubuzima ku isi , byasohotse mu 2013. Muri icyo gihe, yanakoze muri komisiyo ya Lancet ishinzwe abagore n’ubuzima, yasohoye raporo ya "Abagore n’ubuzima: Urufunguzo rw’iterambere rirambye" muri Kamena 2015.

Yakoze kandi mu itsinda ry’umuryango w’abibumbye rishinzwe gukurikirana no kubazwa ibyo akora, afatanya na Margaret Biggs (CIDA) na Margaret Chan (OMS) ndetse anatanga raporo ku muyobozi mukuru w’umuryango w’abibumbye, umunyamabanga mukuru Ban Ki-moon . Muri uyu mwaka kandi, yari umwe mu bagize gahunda yo guhuriza hamwe ibikorwa by’ubuzima bw’umugore n’abana nk’umwe mu bagize itsinda rishinzwe guhanga udushya, akaba yaranatangarije umuyobozi mukuru w’umuryango w’abibumbye umunyamabanga mukuru Ban Ki-moon.

Kuva mu 2006–2009, yayoboye gahunda yo Kwiga ku Bana na VIH / SIDA (JLICA), ihuriro ryigenga ry’abashakashatsi, abashyira mu bikorwa, abafata ibyemezo, abarwanashyaka, n'ababana na virusi itera SIDA. JLICA yagize uruhare runini muburyo abakinnyi bakomeye ku isi, nka PEPFAR na Global Fund, bagenera inkunga imfubyi n’abana batishoboye muri iki gihe. Hagati ya 2006 na 2008, yari umwe mu bagize komite ishinzwe gushyira mu bikorwa urwego rwo mu Rwanda rwa Politiki yo gufasha. Kuva mu 2004 kugeza 2009, yabaye kandi umwe mu bagize komite nyobozi ya gahunda yo gutera inkunga ibihugu byinshi kuri SSR / VIH / SIDA ndetse n'Urwego Ngishwanama rw'Ikigo cya Royal Tropical Institute i Amsterdam, mu Buholandi.

Mu gihe yakoraga nk'umunyamabanga nshingwabikorwa wa komisiyo y'igihugu ishinzwe kurwanya SIDA mu Rwanda kuva 2002–2008, yanabaye umuyobozi wa komite nyobozi y'u Rwanda ishinzwe gahunda yihutirwa ya Perezida wa Leta zunze ubumwe za Amerika ishinzwe kurwanya SIDA (PEPFAR). Byongeye kandi, yari ashinzwe gucunga umushinga wa Banki y'Isi MAP mu Rwanda.

Mu 2004, yakoze kandi mu Nama Ngishwanama ku Buzima ku kinyamakuru Igihe .

Yari umwe mu bagize akanama gashinzwe gushinga ikigo cya Tropical Institute of Community Health and Development muri Afurika, icyicaro i Kisumu, muri Kenya. Byongeye kandi, yakoraga mu Nama Ngishwanama y’Inshuti z’Ikigega cy’Isi ku isi, na Komite Ngishwanama ya gahunda mpuzamahanga yo gukingira SIDA.

Yakoze kandi muri komisiyo nyinshi za Lancet, harimo na Lancet-O'Neill Institute ya kaminuza ya kaminuza ya Georgetown ishinzwe ubuzima n’amategeko ku isi, Harvard Global Equity Initiative - Komisiyo ya Lancet ishinzwe uburyo bwo kurwanya ububabare no kuvura indwara, Komisiyo ya Lancet ishinzwe ejo hazaza h’ubuzima muri Afurika yo munsi y’ubutayu bwa Sahara, Komisiyo ya Lancet Diabete & Endocrinology, na Komisiyo ya Oncology ya Lancet ishinzwe kwita kuri kanseri irambye


Yicaye ku buyobozi bw'isomero rusange ry'ubumenyi . [31] Yakoze kandi mu Nama Mpuzamahanga Ngishwanama ku Kigo cy’Ikigo cy’Ubuzima Bw’Ubuzima ku Isi muri Imperial College London Byongeye kandi, yakoraga na Komite Ngishwanama mu bagize komite ishinzwe kurwanya indwara 3 ( DCP3 ).

Kuva mu 2001 kugeza 2005, yanagize umwanya wo kuba Umuyobozi w’Umuryango w’abibumbye Task Force y’intego z'ikinyagihumbi Umushinga wa VIH / SIDA no kubona imiti y'ingenzi, iyobowe na Jeffrey Sachs ku munyamabanga. Jenerali w'Umuryango w'Abibumbye .

Umwuga w'ubuvuzi[edit | edit source]

Binagwaho yatangiye ubuvuzi bwe mu Bubiligi no mu Bufaransa, ari naho yarangirije amashuri ye y'ubuvuzi. Yinzobere mu kuvura abana, ubuvuzi bwihutirwa, no kuvura virusi itera SIDA ku bana ndetse n'abantu bakuru. Yakoraga cyane muri neonatology, maze agarutse mu Rwanda mu 1996, akora ivuriro mu bitaro bya Leta imyaka ine.

Ubushakashatsi no guharanira[edit | edit source]

Yibanze ku bushakashatsi mu masangano y’ubuzima, imibereho myiza, na politiki, ubushakashatsi bwe n’ibitabo bigamije kunoza uburyo bwo gukumira, kwita no kuvura virusi itera SIDA n'izindi ndwara. Binagwaho yavuze kenshi ku ruhare rukomeye ubushakashatsi bwagize mu kuzamura ubuzima mu gihugu cye. Araharanira cyane uburenganzira bw'abana n'uburinganire mu Rwanda ndetse no ku isi hose. Ari mu ntera yo kurwanya virusi itera SIDA, kandi aharanira gukwirakwiza uburyo bw’ubushakashatsi bwashyizwe mu bikorwa kugira ngo habeho ingamba zo kugabanya no gukuraho umutwaro w’indwara. Impamyabumenyi ye ya PhD yibanze ku isesengura ry’amahirwe yabuze abana banduye virusi itera sida kugira ngo bagere ku burenganzira bwabo ku buzima.

Mu mwaka wa 2010, mu nshingano ze nka Minisitiri w’ubuzima, Binagwaho yatangije gahunda y’igihugu yo gukingiza abana HPV - virusi ya papilloma y’abantu itera hafi kanseri zose z’inkondo y'umura. Gahunda yageze ku gipimo kirenga 95 ku ijana muri 2012.

Yavuze kandi ko ari ngombwa kongera gutekereza ku iherezo ry’ubuzima kugira ngo abantu bapfire mu cyubahiro. Mu nama mpuzamahanga yabereye i Salzburg, yagize ati: "Kugira ngo tubigereho, tugomba kugira ibiganiro mpaka ku rwego rw’igihugu, iyobowe n’abayobozi b’umwuka n’umuryango, kandi tugomba no kwigisha abaganga bose kubaha urupfu no kureka kubitinya. ”

Kugeza ubu, Prof. Binagwaho ni umwe mu bagize itsinda ngishwanama rya Cochrane Convenes nk'umunyamuryango,akaba umunyamuryango wa komisiyo nyafurika kuri COVID-19 y’umuryango w’ubumwe bw’Afurika, akaba nu umwe ugize akaba n'umuyobozi wungirije mu nama mpuzamahanga ya 1 y’ubuzima rusange muri Afurika (CPHIA 2021).

Icyubahiro n'ibihembo[edit | edit source]

Dr.Agnes Binagwaho avugira muri NIH.

Muri 2013, Binagwaho yatanze ikiganiro cya kaminuza ya Londere ya Lancet. Mu mwaka wa 2015, yabaye umunyacyubahiro David E. Barmes Umwarimu w’ubuzima ku isi abinyujije mu kigo cy’igihugu cy’ubuzima anatanga ikiganiro, "David E. Barmes Inyigisho z’ubuzima ku isi: Ubushakashatsi mu buvuzi n’ubushobozi bw’iterambere: Uburambe mu Rwanda. " Ibirori ngarukamwaka bihesha icyubahiro nyakwigendera Dr. Barmes, umuganga w’amenyo w’ubuzima rusange akaba n’umuganga w’indwara z’ibyorezo witangiye umwuga we mu gukora ubushakashatsi bugamije guteza imbere ubuzima mu bihugu biri mu nzira y'amajyambere.

Muri 2015, yahawe ibihembo bibiri: Igihembo cya Roux 2015 abinyujije mu kigo cy’ubuzima n’ubushakashatsi bw’ubuzima (IHME) kubera ko yakoresheje imibare y’ubushakashatsi bw’indwara ku isi kugira ngo agabanye impfu z’abana mu Rwanda, na Ronald McDonald Inzu y'Ubugiraneza Inzu y'indashyikirwa kubera uruhare yagize mu kuzamura ubuzima bw'abana. Yamenyekanye mu bagore 100 bakomeye bo muri Afurika bakomeye muri 2020 no muri 2021.Vuba aha, yatsindiye igihembo cya L'ORÉAL-UNESCO ku bagore muri siyanse mpuzamahanga kubera uruhare runini yagize mu kuzamura gahunda y’ubuzima bw’u Rwanda.

Ibisohokayandikiro[edit | edit source]

Binagwaho yasohoye ingingo zirenga 235 zasuzumwe nurungano hamwe nibice byibitabo.

Ibiganiro kuri Twitter / SMS: #MinisterMondays[edit | edit source]

Mu Kwakira 2011, Binagwaho yatangije ibiganiro kuri interineti abinyujije kuri Twitter ku ngingo zijyanye na politiki y’ubuzima ku isi ndetse n’urwego rw’ubuzima mu Rwanda. [32] Abakoresha urubuga rwa Twitter baturutse mu Rwanda ndetse no ku isi bose bifatanije na we mu biganiro byombi ku ngingo nka politiki yo kuboneza urubyaro muri Afurika, kubaka urwego rw’ubuzima rw’igihugu, gushyiraho inkingo nshya, politiki z’inzego zinyuranye zo kurwanya imirire mibi, kurwanya imiti idahwitse n’imiti mpimbano, na uruhare rwibigo byigihugu ndetse n’amahanga mubuzima bwisi yose ukoresheje hashtag #MinisterMondays. Mu Ukuboza 2011, akaba bufatanye na Rwanda-American ICT sosiyete Nyaruka kwemerera Abanyarwanda batari kubona interineti kugira uruhare ibibazo no comments to ibiganiro #MinisterMondays kuri SMS.

Ibindi gusoma[edit | edit source]

Aho byakuwe[edit | edit source]

  1. https://ughe.org/meet-the-team/agnes-binagwaho/
  2. [https://ughe.org/meet-the-team/agnes-binagwaho/
  3. https://ghsm.hms.harvard.edu/umwarimu-staff/agnes-binagwaho
  4. https: // geiselmed.dartmouth.edu/umwarimu/umwarimudb/view.php/?uid=5119
  5. https://africa.harvard.edu/urugo
  6. https://amphealth.org/partnership-board
  7. https: //www.rockefellerfoundation. org / umwirondoro / agnes-binagwaho /
  8. https://wellcome.org/sites/default/files/wakiriye-global-monitor- 2018.pdf
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  10. https://www.cugh.org/
  11. https://www.icm2016.org/
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  13. https://cepi.net/
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  15. https://www.uib.no/en/sdgbergen/141236/ibuka-unesco-impuguke-itsinda #agnes-binagwaho-nbsp -nbsp-kaminuza-yisi-yubuzima-ubuzima-buringaniye-ughe-kigali-rwanda
  16. https://www.afro.who.int/fr/amakuru/ une-plateforme-dechange-de-connaissances-lancee-pour-soutenir-les-sisitemu-de-sante-dans-la
  17. https://convenes.cochrane.org/
  18. https://www.commonwealthrsi.org/
  19. https://ncdalliance.org/
  20. https://icoda-research.org/
  21. https://taskforce.org/
  22. https://www.hhrjournal.org/about-hhr/ubuyobozi-kibaho-kandi-ibikorwa-byifuzo/
  23. https://armgpublishing.sumdu.edu.ua/journals/hem/
  24. https://www.annalsofglobalhealth.org/about/editorialteam/
  25. https://www.ijhpm.com/journal/editorial.board
  26. https://www.eac.int/institutions/eahrc/ea-ubuzima-ubushakashatsi-ikinyamakuru
  27. https://www.wowe.int/publications/journals/bulletin
  28. https://www.aasciences.africa/
  29. https://nam.edu/national -academy-yubuvuzi-itora-79-abanyamuryango-bashya /
  30. https://twas.org/article/twas-elect-3-35-bishya-twas -abasangirangendo
  31. Public Library of Science. Accessed 25 June 2011.
  32. Saving the world through social media? How development is going digital. Accessed 07 August 2016.

Ihuza ryo hanze[edit | edit source]

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