Jump to content

Western African Ebola virus

Kubijyanye na Wikipedia

Incamake[hindura | hindura inkomoko]

Ikarita yerekana imibare y'urupfu guhera 2014

icyorezo cya virusi ya Ebola (bakunze kwita "Ebola") yavuzwe bwa mbere mu 1976 mu byorezo bibiri icyarimwe muri Repubulika Iharanira Demokarasi ya Kongo n'icya Sudani y'Amajyepfo . [1] Icyorezo cya 2013–2016, cyatewe na virusi ya Ebola (EBOV), [2] ni cyo cya mbere ku isi yose kitagenzuwe neza Ibyorezo byabanje byari byaragenzuwe mugihe gito cyane. Ubukene bukabije, gahunda zita ku buzima zidakora neza, kutizera guverinoma nyuma y’intambara imaze imyaka myinshi, no gutinda kwitabira amezi menshi, byose byagize uruhare mu kunanirwa kurwanya iki cyorezo. Ibindi bintu, nkuko byatangajwe mu bitangazamakuru, harimo imigenzo yo gushyingura yaho yo koza umurambo ndetse no gukwirakwira kwa Ebola mu mijyi ituwe cyane. [3] [4] [5] [6] [7]

Igihe iki cyorezo cyagendaga gitera imbere, ibitangazamakuru bivuga ko ibitaro byinshi, bifite abakozi bake ndetse bifite n'ikibazo cy'ibikoresho bike, byarengewe kandi bigafungwa, bituma bamwe mu bahanga mu by'ubuzima bavuga ko kutabasha kuvura. ibindi bikenerwa mu buvuzi bishobora kuba byarateje "umubare w’abandi bantu bapfa. ni] birashoboka kurenza icyadutse ubwacyo ". [8] [9] Abakozi b'ibitaro, bakoranye cyane n’amazi yanduye cyane y’abahohotewe, bibasiwe cyane na virusi; muri Kanama 2014, OMS yatangaje ko 10% icumi ku ijana by'abapfuye bari abakozi b'ubuzima. [10] Muri Nzeri 2014, byagereranijwe ko ubushobozi bw’ibihugu byibasiwe no kuvura abarwayi ba Ebola bidahagije bihwanye n’ibitanda 2,122; ariko, mu Kuboza 2014 hari ibitanda bihagije byo kuvura no gutandukanya imanza zose zavuzwe, nubwo ikwirakwizwa ry’imanza ridahwitse ryateje ikibazo gikomeye mu turere tumwe na tumwe. [11]

Epidemiologiya[hindura | hindura inkomoko]

Icyorezo[hindura | hindura inkomoko]

Icyorezo cya Ebola ku isi hose
Ukwezi guteranya indwara ya Ebola mu cyorezo cya Afurika y'Iburengerazuba 2014–15

Muri rusange abantu bemeza ko umuhungu w'umwaka umwe cyangwa ibiri, [12] [13] nyuma yaje kwitwa Emile Ouamouno, wapfuye mu Kuboza 2013 mu mudugudu wa Méliandou, Perefegitura ya Guéckédou, muri Gineya, [14] ni cyo cyerekezo cyerekana cy'icyorezo cya Afurika y'Iburengerazuba. [15] Nk’uko ibitangazamakuru bibitangaza, abahanga mu bya siyansi bavuze ko ibibabi bigira uruhare mu ikwirakwizwa rya virusi, [16] kandi, ku bw'impanuka, urugo rw’umuhungu rwari hafi y’abakoloni nini b’ibibabi by’umurizo by’ubusa Angola . [17] Nyina, mushiki we, nyirakuru, nkuko byatangajwe mu bitangazamakuru nyuma yaje kurwara ibimenyetso nk'ibyo arapfa; abantu banduye izi ndwara zambere bakwirakwiza indwara muyindi midugudu. [18] [19] Muri Côte d'Ivoire hari ubumenyi bwa virusi ya Tai Forest, bikaba byaratumye umuntu yandura umuntu mu 1994. Ni yo mpamvu, izi ndwara zo hambere zasuzumwe nk'izindi ndwara zikunze kugaragara muri ako gace kandi indwara yari ifite amezi menshi yo gukwirakwira mbere yuko imenyekana nka Ebola. [15] [18]

Referances[hindura | hindura inkomoko]

  1. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5215343
  2. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Extreme_poverty
  3. http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/134771/1/roadmapsitrep_24Sept2014_eng.pdf?ua=1
  4. http://www.nbcnews.com/storyline/ebola-virus-outbreak/runaway-doctors-missing-supplies-cripple-care-ebola-hit-liberia-n220686
  5. Ebola virus disease, West Africa (Report). WHO. 3 July 2014. Archived from the original on 28 July 2014. Retrieved 18 September 2014.
  6. https://web.archive.org/web/20140531084044/http://www.globalpost.com/dispatch/news/xinhua-news-agency/140527/8-ebola-suspects-freed-relatives-sierra-leone
  7. http://www.today.com/health/growing-ebola-outbreak-threatens-overwhelm-volunteers-2D79775266
  8. https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/africa/ebola-outbreak-deaths-from-malaria-and-other-diseases-could-soar-while-africas-overstretched-healthcare-systems-fight-the-virus-expert-warns-9667362.html
  9. http://www.lrb.co.uk/v36/n20/paul-farmer/diary
  10. McCauley, Lauren (3 September 2014). "As Ebola outbreak surges, health officials slam international 'Coalition of Inaction'". Common Dreams. Retrieved 7 September 2014.
  11. http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/145198/1/roadmapsitrep_10Dec2014_eng.pdf?ua=1
  12. https://www.nytimes.com/2014/12/30/health/how-ebola-roared-back.html
  13. Holly Yan; Esprit Smith (28 October 2014). "Ebola: Patient zero was a toddler in Guinea". CNN. Retrieved 2020-04-14.
  14. "2014-2016 Ebola Outbreak in West Africa | History | Ebola (Ebola Virus Disease) | CDC". www.cdc.gov (in American English). 2020-03-17. Retrieved 2022-04-27.
  15. 15.0 15.1 https://semanticscholar.org/paper/29bafbdb9b461edc7f705777a6672000570b896c
  16. https://semanticscholar.org/paper/29bafbdb9b461edc7f705777a6672000570b896c
  17. http://mgafrica.com/article/2014-12-30-hollow-tree-in-guinea-was-ebolas-ground-zero-scientists-say
  18. 18.0 18.1 https://www.nytimes.com/2014/08/10/world/africa/tracing-ebolas-breakout-to-an-african-2-year-old.html
  19. https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-30199004