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Uburobyi butemewe, budatangazwa kandi butemewe

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Ubwoko bwuburobyi butemewe, butatangajwe kandi butemewe

  UBUROBYI BUTATANGAZWA KANDI BUTAGENGWA ni ikibazo ku isi. Indorerezi z'ubwikorezi zemeza ko IUU iboneka mu burobyi bwinshi, kandi bingana na 30% by’amafi yose y’uburobyi bukomeye.

UBUROBYI BUTEMEWE bubaho mugihe amato cyangwa abasaruzi bakora binyuranyije n amategeko y'uburobyi. Ibi birashobora gukoreshwa muburobyi buri munsi yububasha bwa leta yinyanja cyangwa uburobyi bwo mu nyanja ngari bugengwa nimiryango ishinzwe uburobyi mukarere (RFMO). Ishami ry’umuryango w’abibumbye ryita ku ku biribwa n'ubuhinzi(FAO), ishami ry’uburobyi n’ubuhinzi bw’amafi, rivuga ko uburobyi butemewe bwateje igihombo kingana na miliyari 23 z'amadolari ya Amerika ku mwaka.[1]

UBUROBYI BUDASHIZWE AHAGARAGARA ni uburobyi butigeze butangazwa cyangwa ngo butangwe nabi ku nzego z’igihugu zibishinzwe cyangwa RFMO, binyuranyije n’amategeko n'amabwiriza akurikizwa.

UBUROBYI BUTAGENGWA muri rusange bivuga uburobyi nubwato butagira ubwenegihugu, ubwato buguruka ibendera ryigihugu kitari muri RFMO igenga ako gace k’uburobyi cyangwa amoko yo mu nyanja ndende, cyangwa gusarura ahantu hadateganijwe.

Abashoferi bari inyuma y’uburobyi butemewe, butamenyeshejwe kandi butagengwa (IUU) basa n’abari inyuma y’ubundi bwoko bwinshi bw’ibyaha mpuzamahanga By'ibidukikije : abarobyi ba pirate bafite ubukungu bukomeye - amoko menshi y’amafi, cyane cyane ayakoreshejwe cyane bityo akaba arimo itangwa rito, rifite agaciro gakomeye k'amafaranga.[2]

Ingaruka mu bukungu no ku bidukikije[hindura | hindura inkomoko]

Ingaruka imwe mu bukungu y’uburobyi butemewe, butatangajwe kandi butagengwa (IUU) ku bihugu biri mu nzira y'amajyambere ni ugutakaza mu buryo butaziguye agaciro k’amafi ashobora gufatwa n’abarobyi baho niba uburobyi bwa IUU butabaye.[3][4]

Ibisarurwa bya IUU bishobora kuzanwa ku isoko ku giciro cyo hasi nkirushanwa ridakwiye ku bicuruzwa bimwe biva mu bicuruzwa byagenwe cyangwa nkibicuruzwa byapiganwe nabi. Muri ibyo aribyo byose, umusanzu utemewe n'amategeko ku isoko urashobora kugabanya ubuziranenge nigiciro cyibicuruzwa biboneka, bityo bigatera umutwaro w'ubukungu kubasaruzi bakurikiza amategeko n'amabwiriza.

Ibi birashobora gutuma umutekano w'ibiribwa ugabanuka mubaturage batunzwe cyane n amafi nkisoko ya proteine yinyamaswa.[5]

Reba[hindura | hindura inkomoko]