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Stephan Farffler

Kubijyanye na Wikipedia
Rollstuhl Farfler 1655

Stephan Farffler (1633 - 24 Ukwakira 1689), rimwe na rimwe ryiswe Stephan Farfler, yari umudage w’umudage wo mu kinyejana cya cumi na karindwi wavumbuye imodoka ya manumotive mu 1655 afatwa nk’intebe ya mbere yimuga y’ibimuga. Igikoresho gifite ibiziga bitatu nacyo ngo cyabaye intangiriro yamagare yamagare niki gihe.[1]

Farffler, wahoze ari paraplegic [2] [3] cyangwa waciwe, [4] na we yakoze igikoresho cyo guhindura ikirahuri cy'isaha mu gihe gisanzwe kandi yongeraho chimes ku munara w'isaha wa Altdorf bei Nürnberg . [5]

umudage WiKi agira ati: yaba paraplegic biturutse ku mpanuka iyo afite imyaka itatu; [6] abandi bamusobanurira ko ari umuntu ufite amaguru yamugaye [7] („verkrüppelten“ - bishobora no gusobanura ko byahinduwe nabi cyangwa bidafite imikorere kandi ibyo bishobora, kubabareba, kuba ibisobanuro nyabyo mugihe nkuko byavuzwe, impanuka yabereye akiri muto cyane imyaka ishobora guhungabanya imikurire isanzwe yingingo zanduye)[8][9]

Reba kandi[hindura | hindura inkomoko]

Reba[hindura | hindura inkomoko]

  1. https://archive.today/20130111090251/http://www.retropedalcars.com/tricycle_history1.htm
  2. Jane Bidder, Inventions We Use to Go Places (London: Franklin Watts, 2006, 18)
  3. Rory A. Cooper, Hisaichi Ohnabe, and Douglas A. Hobson, An Introduction to Rehabilitation Engineering (Boca Raton: CRC Press, 2007, 131)
  4. Clive Richardson, Driving, the development and use of horse-drawn vehicles (B. T. Batsford, 1985, 136)
  5. Frederick James Britten et al., Britten's old clocks and watches and their makers (E. Methuen, 1973, 391)
  6. Johann Gabriel Doppelmayr, Historische Nachricht Von den Nürnbergischen Mathematicis und Künstlern, Nürnberg 1730, S. 302
  7. Fabian Zilliken: Die Evolution des Fahrrads - Von der Laufmaschine zum "Custom(izing)" Artefakt, 2012, S. 10
  8. https://eo.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stephan_Farfler
  9. https://wiki.alquds.edu/?query=Invalid_carriage