Genghis Khan

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Genghis Khan

Genghis Khan, izina ry'amavuko Temutšin ( 1155 cyangwa 1162 - 1227 ) ni amateka y’igihugu kinini mu bwami bwa Mongoliya , washinze na suurkhaan .

Ishusho ya Genghis Khan kuva mu kinyejana cya 14 .

Inkomoko ya kure y'abakurambere ba Genghis Khan ntabwo isobanutse. Abashinwa bavuze umusatsi utukura n'amaso meza ya se Jesugei-bagaturi. Aho Temuchin yavukiye ni Buryatia y'ubu . Mu Buryats na Tuvaluans ni yo moko ya Abamongoli isiganwa mu Burusiya .

Abamongoli na Horde ya Zahabu[edit | edit source]

Genghis Khan n'abamusimbuye bashinze ubwami bunini mu mateka muri Aziya , bigarurira kandi bigarurira igice kinini cy'Ubushinwa , Aziya yo hagati , Siberiya y'Amajyepfo n'utundi turere mu myaka makumyabiri . Mu 1223 , mu Abamongoli barungitswe Corps na ku Polovets ingabo ya batatu Russian principalities n'abambari babo baricanye mu ntambara ya Kalka , yari yatsinze ingabo Abamongoli.

Nyuma y'urupfu rwa Genghis Khan, igihugu cyagabanijwemo abahungu be muri ulul, maze umuhungu we wa gatatu, Ugedei ( Ögödei ) (1227-1241) , aba umutware w'igihugu - Khan wa kabiri ukomeye wakomeje neza politiki yo kwigarurira se. . Ulus yagombaga gutanga ingabo zo kwiyamamaza. Mu ntangiriro z'ikinyejana cya 13, abaturage b'Abanyamongoliya basabwe kuba abantu bagera ku 500.000 (ugereranije: miliyoni zirenga 50 mu Bushinwa, abagera kuri miliyoni 5 mu Burusiya, 400.000 kugeza 500.000 Polovets, 150.000 kugeza 200.000).