Forklift

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A forklift , Clark , Forklift  cyangwa ikimasa ni imodoka counterbalanced ku b'inyuma, mu gutwara abantu n'ibintu ikirundo imitwaro rusange agendera ku Uburiris.

Amarushanwa yubuhanga hamwe na forklifts.

Amazina mu bihugu bitandukanye[edit | edit source]

  • forklift , toro cyangwa fenwick , muri Espagne.
  • clark , muri Arijantine.
  • forklifts nayo muri Arijantine.
  • Crane Fork muri Chili, nayo yitiriwe Yales, yerekeza ku kirango gakondo.
  • Ikamyo ya Forklift Amerika.

Ibisobanuro[edit | edit source]

US Navy 110312-M-KA277-020 Marines assigned to III Marine Expeditionary Force (III MEF) load humanitarian assistance supplies and personnel aboard.jpg

Ifite utubari tubiri tubangikanye imbere, bita "fork", ushyizwe ku nkunga ifatanye na mast yo guterura kugirango ikore Uburiris. Ibiziga byinyuma birashobora kuyobora kugirango byoroherezwe gutwara no gufata pallets.

Ni nyinshi-kazi no mu by'inganda, na ni Byakoreshejwe in warehouses na maduka kwirinda gukorera uburiris gutwara cyangwa uburiris na ibicuruzwa na kubacumbikira ku etajeri cyangwa racks . Ifasha imitwaro iremereye ntamatsinda yabantu yashobora gushyigikira wenyine, kandi ikiza amasaha yakazi mukwimura uburemere butari bumwe icyarimwe aho kugabanya ibiri muri uburiris mubice cyangwa ibice. Imikoreshereze yacyo isaba amahugurwa kandi leta zibihugu bitandukanye zisaba ubucuruzi abakozi babo batunganya impushya zidasanzwe kubikorwa byabo.

Ibiranga imiterere[edit | edit source]

Nibinyabiziga biremereye bikozwe mubyuma cyangwa ibindi byuma, bikozwe hamwe na platifomu inyerera kuruhande rukomeye cyangwa ruhagaritse cyangwa nubuyobozi bubiri bubangikanye.

Ubwoko bwa moteri[edit | edit source]

Irashobora kwimurwa nubwoko butandukanye bwa moteri :

  • Moteri ya Diesel
  • moteri y'amashanyarazi
  • moteri yaka imbere ikoreshwa na CNG (gaze gasanzwe)
  • moteri yaka imbere ikoreshwa na LPG (gaze ya peteroli ya lisansi).

An zaka engine ngengamikorere cyangwa Otto cyiciro (yitwa kandi mazutu ) ni bugaragara more guhumanya , iyo udafite kwiyeza ibintu particulate, iboneka ku isoko. Nyamara, ikamyo isanzwe ya gaze isanzwe, ishingiye kuri moteri isanzwe ya lisansi, itanga umuriro mwinshi kandi ntigifite ubwigenge burenze ubw'amashanyarazi, ikigega cyuzuzwa muminota itatu , burigihe bitewe na moteri ya moteri. Moteri, umuvuduko muke kandi ingano ya gaze ya gaze. Izi modoka muri rusange ntizishobora gukoreshwa mu nzu (nk'ububiko hamwe n’ibigo bikwirakwiza, aho imyuka igomba kubarwa).

Amafaranga yo gufata neza, nkibisanzwe, ahendutse cyane mumodoka yamashanyarazi, kubera ko hari ibintu bike byambara nka filteri, amavuta n'umukandara, kuvuga amazina make. Ubuzima bwingirakamaro bwa bateri butangwa nkitegeko rusange kuva 1500 byinshingano. Mubyongeyeho, tekinoroji igezweho mubijyanye na moteri ituruka kuri moteri ya moteri ishingiye ku byiciro bitatu bisimburana, bikomeza kugabanya ibiciro ugereranije na moteri gakondo ya DC.

Ibisabwa byibuze byemewe n'amategeko[edit | edit source]

Muri Arijantine, Itegeko 19587 ryerekeye Isuku n’umutekano ku kazi (Iteka 351/79, Umutwe wa 16, Ingingo ya 137) rishyiraho ibyangombwa by’umutekano byibuze kuri forklifts.

Muri Espagne byashyizweho n'itegeko rya cyami 1215/1997.

Forklift nomenclature[edit | edit source]

Hariho ubwoko bwinshi bwa forklifts. Ubwoko bubiri bwo gutondeka bwarakozwe, bubemerera gutondekanya ukurikije ibiranga umwihariko wabo:

Alpha[edit | edit source]

Lyrics Ibisobanuro Bikemurwa
NA Numuriro, ufite ipine irwanya uburemere na pneumatike. yicaye
S. Ikiza umwanya, ifite amashanyarazi yaka umuriro, ifite amapine aremereye na pneumatike. yicaye
H. Ifite amashanyarazi yaka umuriro, hamwe nipine ya pneumatike. yicaye
J. Numuriro, ufite ipine irwanya uburemere na pneumatike. yicaye
R. Amashanyarazi. yarahagaze
N. Yagenewe inzira ifunganye, ikoranabuhanga. yarahagaze
W. Nibigenda byamashanyarazi. -
B. Numuyagankuba "ushyizwe". -
C. Nibigenzurwa hagati. -
T. Ni romoruki. -

Izindi zina[edit | edit source]

Icyiciro cya 1 Ikinyabiziga gifite moteri yamashanyarazi, kubagenzi, hamwe nuburemere (ipine ikomeye cyangwa pneumatike).

Icyiciro cya 2 Ikinyabiziga Cyimodoka Cyimodoka (hamwe nipine ikomeye).

Icyiciro cya 3 Imodoka yintoki ifite moteri yamashanyarazi cyangwa kubagenzi (hamwe nipine ikomeye).

Icyiciro cya 4 Ikinyabiziga gifite moteri yaka imbere (amapine akomeye).

Icyiciro cya 5 Imodoka yintoki ifite moteri yamashanyarazi cyangwa kubagenzi (amapine pneumatike).

Icyiciro cya 6 Traktor ifite moteri yamashanyarazi cyangwa hamwe na moteri yaka imbere (ipine ikomeye cyangwa pneumatike).

Icyiciro cya 7 Forklift kubutaka bubi (amapine pneumatike).