Ilia Chavchavadze

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Ilia Chavchavadze

Igikomangoma Ilia Chavchavadze (Jeworujiya: ილია ჭავჭავაძე; 8 Ugushyingo 1837 - 12 Nzeri 1907) yari umuntu wa rubanda wo muri Jeworujiya, umunyamakuru, umwanditsi, umwanditsi n'umusizi wagize uruhare runini mu ishingwa rya sosiyete sivili ya Jeworujiya ku butegetsi bw'Uburusiya bwa Jeworujiya. Yitwa Jeworujiya "intwari yubahwa na bose."

Yari umuyobozi wumutwe wubwenge bwurubyiruko witwa "Tergdaleulebi". Ilia Chavchavadze yashinze ibinyamakuru 2 bigezweho: Sakartvelos Moambe na Iveria. Yagize uruhare runini mu ishyirwaho ry’imari ya mbere muri Jeworujiya - Banki y’ubutaka ya Tbilisi. Mu myaka 30 yabaye umuyobozi w’iyi Banki, yateye inkunga kandi igateza imbere ibikorwa byinshi by’umuco, uburezi, ubukungu n’urukundo byabereye muri Jeworujiya. Ilia Chavchavadze yagize uruhare mu ishingwa rya "Sosiyete ishinzwe gukwirakwiza gusoma no kwandika mu Banya Jeworujiya" - niwo muryango wa mbere w’imiryango itegamiye kuri Leta washinze amashuri hirya no hino muri Jeworujiya, bagerageza gukora ururimi rwa Jeworujiya mu gihugu. Bize abantu kwandika no gusoma. Iyo yari inzira yo kurwanya politiki ya Russification y'Ubwami bw'Uburusiya muri Jeworujiya. Yishwe mu 1907.